The outbreak of the novel corona virus has thrown the entire world off-balance, with devastating effects on states’ economies and social lives. The virus, which started in Wuhan city of China, has spread to over 210 countries across the world, with over 19million confirmed cases and over 710,000 death tolls (Worldometer, 2020).
Since the outbreak of this pandemic earlier this year, the overall political-economic configuration of the international system has been disrupted, with nations incurring significant economic losses and policymakers making hard-line political decisions. US recorded 32.9% GDP contraction in Q2 and over 40 million job loss (Washington Post, 2020). Also, China recorded a historic 6.8% decrease in its GDP for Q1 in 2020, which is the worst economic contraction it has recorded since 1992 (The Guardian, 2020).
More evidently, the pandemic is changing the foreign policy priorities of states, with many political leaders prioritising the welfare of their citizens and national economic survival, rather than a commitment to international stability. This is evident in President Trump’s withdrawal from WHO and China’s continual closure of its borders despite its commitment to the free movement of persons and goods.
In Africa, specifically, there are palpable fears of a more severe implication. A recent report by McKinsey (Jarayam, et al., 2020) revealed that African countries would likely suffer a 3% – 8% decrease in their GDPs due to COVID-19. Africa’s economy, which is expected to rise by 3.2% in 2020, is now expected to contract by -0.8% (Delloite, 2020). Beyond economic implications, African countries are currently experiencing an increasing spate of social vices, food insecurity, the resurgence of violent conflicts, among others.
As a regional body, the African Union (AU) is yet to make a significant impact in alleviating the ugly situation the pandemic has caused the continent. Instead, we have seen scores of Africa countries falling back to their traditional means of survival – loans and aids from developed countries. Sadly, several AU’s initiatives – AfCFTA, #SilencingTheGun – are either moribund or put on hold indefinitely, crippling the age-long efforts to achieve the ‘Africa we want’.
Insecurity has deepened into the fabrics of the continent, ranging from terrorism to banditry, from the proliferation of SALW to communal clashes, among others. With all these challenges, African leaders, regional and sub-regional bodies are yet to find sizeable solutions to these challenges, putting Africans in a vulnerable situation.
In this episode of African Security Talk, we discussed the triangular relations among regionalism, security and development in the post-COVID-19 Africa. While it is impossible to explore these three concepts exhaustively, we attempt to analyse them considering the African reality.
In this episode, I was opportune to have two vibrant scholars, Monsuru Olaitan Rasaq and Jesutimilehin O. Akamo on the show, as they shared they insights on this issue.
This new episode explores the economic impact of COVID-19 on peace building efforts in Africa. As African leaders battles the novel corona virus and its economic impact, violent conflicts on the continent have been on the rise putting peoples’ lives and properties at risk.
In this episode, I had a robust analysis on this topical issue with Jessica Berlin, a seasoned analyst and the founder of Construct.
COVID-19 (coronavirus) has disrupted every facet and fabric of our global society. In the course of this global crisis, it is important to shed light on some of the most vulnerable groups whose livelihoods stand to suffer and who are susceptible to greater risk of exposure. One such group is international migrants.
In this episode of African Security Talk, we discussed the security implications of COVID-19 on international migrants and policymakers across the world are respond this crisis.
Samu Ngwenya and Gary Sipeng Xie joined Lukmon Akintola to discuss this salient issue.
As we all know, the global pandemic, COVID’19 has been on rampage, with over 1.8million confirmed cases across the world and above 114,000 death recorded. Africa currently has over 10,000 confirmed cases, with about 534 death tolls. While the number of confirmed cases in Africa is relatively low, there are great concerns about the socio-economic impact of this virus. A new McKinsey report revealed that African countries will loss about 3-8% of their GDPs in 2020 to this pandemic.
Beyond economic implications, however, there are palpable fears that security concerns might be heightened in the continent. Evidently, food insecurity is likely to heightened, crimes in local communities are likely to increase due to economic hardship imposed by this virus. Specifically, terrorism as well as transnational crimes might be another fallout of COVID’19 in Africa, especially some hot spot regions like the Sahel region.
On the first episode of African Security Talk, Abdou Rahim Lema joins Lukmon Akintola to discuss the growing trend of insecurity in the continent and how policymakers should not loss sight of these security challenges while combating the pandemic.
Kindly read more about Abdou Rahim Lema here
Recent trends of events have shown that COVID-19 has posed severe socio-economic implications in Africa. Specifically, we are seeing an increasing spate of both traditional and non-traditional security challenges in our local communities. Armed robbery, cultism, domestic violence, sexual assault, acute hunger and police brutality – are among numerous security challenges local communities in some African countries are facing during this troubling time.
In this episode of African Security Talk, Gbenga Isaac Oni joins Lukmon Akintola to analyse the nexus between COVID-19 and non-traditional security challenges in Africa.
Kindly read more about Gbenga Isaac Oni here
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